References for the GenX in the Cape Fear River Series

Note: not all may be used in any one article.
1: North Carolina Division of Environmental Quality. GenX Frequently Asked Questions, (accessed 03/04/2018).
2: Sun M; Arevalo E; Strynar M; Lindstrom A; Richardson M; Kearns B; Pickett A; Smith C; Knappe DRU. Legacy and Emerging Perflouroalkyl Substances Are Important Drinking Water Contaminants in the Cape Fear River Watershed of North Carolina. Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett. [Online] 2017, 3, 415-419. (accessed 03/04/2018).
3: kayama, S.; Strynar, M. J.; Helfant, L.; Egeghy, P.; Ye, X.; Lindstrom, A. B., Perfluorinated compounds in the Cape Fear drainage basin in North Carolina. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, (15), 5271-5276.
4: Steenland K; Fletcher T; Savitz D; Epidemiologic Evidence on the Health Effects of Perflourooctanic Acid. Envion. Health Perspct. [Online] 2010, 118:1100-1108.
5: United Stated Geological Survey. Contaminants of Emerging Concern in the Environment, (accessed 03/10/2018)
6: United States Environmental Protection Agency. Fact Sheet: 2010/2015 PFOA Stewardship Program. (accessed 03/10/2018)
7: Hermann F; Tittlemier S; Völkel W; Wilhelm M; Twardella D. Perfluorinated compounds – Exposure assessment for the general population in western countries. Environ. Health 212 (2009) 239-270.
8: Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. Persistant Organic Pollutants Review Committe 2nd Meeting. Geneva, 6-10 November 2006. (accessed 03/10/2018)
9: F. D. GRIFFITH & J. E. LONG (2010) Animal toxicity studies with ammonium perfluorooctanoate, American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, 41:8, 576-583, DOI: 10.1080/15298668091425301
10: Joint Meeting of the Chemicals Committee and The Working Party on Chemicals, Pesticides and Biotechnology. Hazard Assessment of Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) and Its Salts. Nov. 2002. (accessed 03/17/2018)
11: Beekman, M.; et al. (2016-12-12). "Evaluation of substances used in the GenX technology by Chemours, Dordrecht". National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM, The Netherlands). Retrieved 03/17/2018.
12: Post GB, Gleason JA, Cooper KR (2017), Key scientific issues in developing drinking water guidelines for perfluoroalkyl acids: Contaminants of emerging concern. PLoS Biol 15(12): e2002855.
13: Ferguson P., Emerging Contaminates in NC Rivers: Strategies for Protecting Water Quality, Presentation to the House Select Committee on North Carolina River Quality. (accessed 03/17/2018)
14: Heydebreck, F.; Tang, J.; Xie, Z.; Ebinghaus, R. Alternative and legacy perfluoroalkyl substances: Differences between european and chinese river/estuary systems. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2015, 49 (14), 8386−8395.
15: “Following Up on Recent Data from Dr. Knappe”, E-Mail from Dr. Knappe to CFPUA, released at (accessed 03/18/2018)
16: “UNCW Provides Monthyl Update on Research”, Report from UNCW Research team to CFPUA, released at (accessed 03/18/2018)
17: “UNCW Water Quality Research Plans (Related to HB56)” Letter to the NC House Select Committtee on North Carolina River Quality, (accessed 03/19/2018 )


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